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Vegetables / Beetroot

Beetroot - high in potassium, magnesium, folic acid, vitamins, iron & protein

1. Beetroot Facts
2. Beetroot History and Origin
3. Beetroot Nutritional Value
4. Beetroot Health Benefits
 
 
 

Beetroot Facts

Beet or Beta vulgaris is a plant in the Amaranthaceae family. The roots are most commonly deep red-purple, however there are lighter, less common varieties available.
 
History and Origin

The various wild and cultivated varieties of Beets have a long an interesting history. The first cultivated forms are believed to have been in the Mediterranean with it being introduced to the Middle East, India and then to China by 850 AD. They were used as medicinal plants in Ancient Greece and Medieval Europe.

 

Ancient Romans used Beetroot to treat fevers and constipation. It was used in certain soup recipes as a laxative. Beetroot juice has been considered an aphrodisiac (sexual stamina) since Roman times. It is known to be used internally as a juice, by some cultures, for the treatment of respiratory disorders, fevers and infections. Throughout ancient times there is an indication that some beet leaves have been used to bind wounds.

 

Types of Beetroot - most common varieties

Types of Beetroot
• Albino (heirloom)
• Bull's Blood (heirloom)
• Chioggia (heirloom)
• Crosby's Egyptian (heirloom)
• Cylindra / Formanova (heirloom)
• Detroit Dark Red (heirloom)
• Early Wonder (heirloom)
• Golden Beet / Burpee's Golden (heirloom)
• Perfected Detroit
• Red Ace (hybrid)
• Ruby Queen
• Touchstone Gold

Beetroot Nutritional Value

Vegetables " Beetroot " ( Nutritional value )
Nutritional value per 100 g
Beets, cooked, boiled, drained
Weight of Vegetable - 1 cup, sliced = 170 g
Nutrient ( Proximate's )
Unit
Value
Daily Value %
Energy
kcal
44
2.2%
Protein
g
1.68
3.3%
Total lipid (fat)
g
0.18
0.2%
Carbohydrate, by difference
g
9.96
3.3%
Fiber, total dietary
g
2.0
8%
Sugars, total
g
7.96
 
Minerals
Calcium, Ca
mg
16
1.6%
Iron, Fe
mg
0.79
4.3%
Magnesium, Mg
mg
23
5.7%
Phosphorus, P
mg
38
3.8%
Potassium, K
mg
305
8.7%
Sodium, Na
mg
77
3.2%
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.35
2.3%
Copper, Cu
mg
0.074
3.7%
Manganese, Mn
mg
0.326
16.3%
Selenium, Se
µg
0.7
1%
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
3.6
6%
Thiamin (B-1)
mg
0.027
1.8%
Riboflavin (B-2)
mg
0.040
2.3%
Niacin (B-3)
mg
0.331
1.6%
Pantothenic acid (B-5)
mg
0.145
1.4%
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.067
3.3%
Folate (B-9)
µg
80
20%
Vitamin B-12
µg
0.00
 
Vitamin A, IU
IU
35
0.7%
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
mg
0.04
0.1%
Vitamin D
IU
0
 
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)
µg
0.2
0.2%
Lipids
Saturated Fatty Acids
g
0.028
 
Monounsaturated Fatty Acids
g
0.035
 
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
g
0.064
 
Trans Fatty Acids
g
0.000
 
Carotenoids
Beta-Carotene
µg
21
 
Lutein + zeaxanthin
µg
0
 
Lycopene
µg
0
 

Reference Values are based on a 2,000 Calorie Intake, for Adults and Children 4 or More Years of Age. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Percentages are roughly approximated using (RDA) Recommended Dietary Allowances for adults. Source: USDA United States Department of Agriculture
Reference Values for Nutrition - FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Beetroot Nutritional Value
Beetroot contains powerful nutrient compounds


Beetroot Health Benefits

There are many Russian centenarians who often consume the traditional Russian soup of Borscht. The main ingredient for this soup is of course, beetroot. It is believed their longevity is due to all the health benefits included in beetroot. Beetroot contains powerful nutrient compounds that help protect against heart disease, birth defects and certain cancers (colon cancer).

 

Research indicates that beetroot keeps blood sugar levels in control, can improve sexual stamina, lowers blood pressure and is an antidote for anaemia. In Roman times it is believed to have been used to treat fevers, constipation, wounds, skin problems and used as an aphrodisiac. Researchers believe that the nitrate content in beetroot helps lower blood pressure and may help heart disease. It is believed that drinking beetroot juice increases blood flow to the brain in older people which may fight the progression of dementia.


 
BEETROOT
 

CORONARY HEART DISEASE

Phytochemical compound, glycine betaine

Fresh Cut Beetroot

PREGNANT WOMEN (unborn child)

Abundant supply of folic acid

   

ANAEMIA

Iron content

STAMINA (sexual)

Rich source of nitrates which increases blood flow

   

CONSTIPATION

High soluble fibre content

FATIGUE

Rich source of nitrates and iron content

   

CANCER

Betacyanin content helps slow the growth of tumors

DIGESTIVE TRACT

Fiber content

   

DEMENTIA

Nitrate when converted to nitrite helps better neural transmissions to the brain

CHOLESTEROL

Large amounts of soluble fibres, flavanoids and betacyanin - reducing heart attacks and strokes

 
HEALTH
 

 

References

Nutrient Database - USDA (United States Department of Agriculture)
Reference Values for Nutrition - FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
 

For More Information

Beets Facts and History - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia